Annandale History-What a Difference a Century Makes: 1913, Historical Events Worldwide and in the Metro Washington Area.

 

 What a Difference a Century Makes:  1913

 

1913 Cleveland Plane Dealer:  The immense storm that ravaged the Great Lakes in early November 1913 has been called the Great Lakes Hurricane, the Ultimate Storm, and the Big Blow.  Twelve commercial lake boats were lost with their entire crews and at least 235 sailors.  Food shortages quickly developed with shipments stranded on trains and trucks.

President: Woodrow Wilson
Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall
Virginia Governor:  William Hodges Mann
Chief Justice Supreme Court:  Edward Douglass White
VA Senators:  Charles A. Swanson & Thomas Martin

 

BORN

  • Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States (1969-74)
  • Lloyd Bridges, actor (Sea Hunt, Roots, Airplane)
  • Rosa Lee Parks, civil rights activist (bus protestor)
  • Menachem Begin, Israeli PM (1977-83, Nobel 1978)
    Tyrone Power, American actor

 

DIED

1913 Flood in Mid-West
  • Harriet Tubman, abolitionist, conductor on Underground RR
  • John Pierpont Morgan, US banker/US Steel Corp, dies at 75.
  • Emily Wilding Davison, suffragette, trampled to death by horse
  • Adolphus Busch, American brewer (Anheuser-Busch) 
  • 1913 Flood Dayton, Ohio

HISTORICAL EVENTS

  • US Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect in Oregon.
  • Federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)
  • Bill creating U.S. Federal Reserve System becomes law.
  • Brooklyn Dodger's Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0
  • Ford Assembly Line

  • NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse,  Duchamp to the American public.
  • Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
  • Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley
  • Henry Ford institutes a moving assembly line.
  • Mona Lisa stolen in Aug 1911 is returned to the Louvre.
  • The House of Romanov celebrates the 300th anniversary of its succession to the throne, amidst an outpouring of monarchist sentiment in Russia.
  • Ernest Rutherford & Niels Bohr describe atomic structure.
  • Australia begins building the new federal capital of Canberra.
  • The First chelsea Flower Show is held in London.
  • The Country of Albania is formed.
  • NY football Giants sign Jim Thorpe.
  • October 31 – The Lincoln Highway, the first automobile road across the United States, is dedicated.
  • The Great Lakes Storm claims 19 ships and more than 250 lives.
  • Mexico is in revolution, war rages in the Balkans, & aviation experiences many firsts, such as the first parachute jump & first complete loop.
  • Suffragettes demonstrate in London and Washington, D.C. 
  • Garment workers strike in New York and Boston; win pay raises and reduced hours.
  • March 23-27 deadly flood rages through Dayton Ohio.

COST OF COMMON CONSUMER GOODS

Woman's Suffrage March Washington, DC on March 3, 1913

Federal spending: $0.72 billion

Consumer Price Index: 9.9
Unemployment: 4.3%
Cost of a first-class st
Loaf of Bread:  $0.06
Gallon of gasoline:  $0.12
One Dozen Eggs:  $0.30
Average Annual Wage: $1,296.00

Cost of Average House:  $3,395.00

Cost of Average Automobile:  $490.00
Newly enacted Federal Income Tax:  1%

 
SPORTS

Inez Milholland, Esq. at the front of the 1913 Suffrage March on Pennsylvania Ave.

World Series:  Philadelphia A's v. NY Giants (4-1)

Stanley Cup:  Quebec Bulldogs
Wimbledon Women: Dorothea Chambers 

Wimbledon Men: Tony Wilding

Kentucky Derby Champion:  Donerail

NCAA Football Champions:  Harvard (9-0-0)
Most Valuable Pitcher:  Awarded for the first time in 1913 to Walter Johnson of the Washington Senator
s

 

 

AWARDS

Nobel Prize for Literature: Rabindranath Tagore (India)  Mr. Tagore was the first non-European to receive this award.

Chemistry: Alfred Werner (Switzerland), for linking up atoms within the molecule

Physics: Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes (Netherlands), for work leading to production of liquid helium

Physiology or Medicine: Charles Richet (France), anaphylaxy

Nobel Peace Prize: Henri La Fontaine (Belgium)

 

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